|Construction on Pisa Cathedral was started in the 11th century|
the bell tower was begun in the 12th; it started leaning almost at once
Probably one of the biggest misconceptions about the Middle Ages is that people never washed. They might have a bath once a year at the most…oh, and they believed the earth was flat.
|Medieval illustration of a spherical earth from|
the 12th century book, Liber Divinorum Operum
by Hildegard of Bingen
|Roadside picnic? Possibly 12th century|
|13th century ivory statue of Mary|
and Jesus, made in France
|This interesting Medieval painting|
shows a woman riding astride in a skirt
clearly doing some damage with a sword
There are accounts of sailors using compasses as early as the beginning of 13th century (through the Vikings probably had compasses when they sailed to the New World in the Dark Ages) and glass reading stones used for magnifying text. An abbot named Richard of Wallingford made an astronomical clock in the 14th century. Before that, everyone used water clocks; they were useful for telling time…and putting out occasional fires.
|Installed in 1410, the Prague Astronomical Clock|
is the oldest working Astronomical Clock in the world
|Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux c. 1325-1328|
|Canterbury Cathedral, an early example of Gothic|
architecture, was built in the 11th century
and figured into Chaucer's Canterbury Tales
|European Beaker from the 13th century|
Corning glass museum
|The exquisite Gloster Candlestick|
made in England c. 1104 -1113
Advancement was slower than in earlier and later years, but when a gigantic empire collapses and no less than three powers attempt to take over the world (not to mention a plague that wiped out a third of the population) advancement gets put on the back burner. Learning was a small flame that continued to burn, it only needed economic stability to blow it into a bonfire.